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Suvir Saran

Green chili pickle

Makes 2 pints

This is a very hot pickle, eaten in tiny quantities, guaranteed to jazz up anything that needs a bit of flavor. Because the pickle is so hot, tiny slices allow you to take just a bit at a time onto your plate. The pickle may be eaten within 4 to 5 days but is best after about 1 week.


3 tablespoons black mustard seeds
1 teaspoon asafetida
1 teaspoon fenugreek seed
1 pound serrano chilies, washed and dried completely, then stemmed and thinly sliced
2 teaspoons turmeric
1/4 cup salt
1 cup light (not toasted) sesame oil
Juice of 4 to 6 lemons


1. Combine the mustard seeds, asafetida and fenugreek seeds in a small frying pan and toast over medium heat, stirring often, until very fragrant, about 3 minutes. Transfer to a spice grinder and grind to powder.

2. Put the sliced chilies in a large non-aluminum bowl. Add the ground spice mixture, turmeric and salt and stir to coat the chilies with the spices. Spoon the mixture into 2 sterilized pint jars, cap and set aside overnight at room temperature.

3. The next day, heat the oil to smoking in small saucepan over medium heat. Pour slowly over chilies in the jars; the chilies will sizzle and foam. Cap the jars and set them on a sunny windowsill for 1 day.

4. The next day, add enough lemon juice to cover the chilies. Cap the bottles again and set in the sun for 3 to 4 more days. Refrigerate and eat within 2 to 3 weeks.

Aunty Susan's orange flan

Serves 6 to 8

I got the original version of this recipe from my neighbor in Delhi, whom we called Susan Aunty. (In India, all intimate neighbors are addressed as uncles or aunts.) I've embellished her recipe with orange blossom water and cream cheese. I cook the caramel until it's quite dark � the slight bitterness of a darker caramel contrasts nicely with the sweet custard.


1 14-ounce can sweetened condensed milk
1 1/2 cups half-and-half
4 large eggs
8 ounces cream cheese
2 tablespoons orange marmalade
1/4 cup orange liqueur
1 cup sugar
Grated zest of 2 oranges
1-inch piece of cinnamon stick


1. Preheat the oven to 350*F and remove all but the bottom oven rack.

2. Combine the sweetened condensed milk, half-and-half, eggs, cream cheese, marmalade, and orange liqueur in the blender and blend until smooth. Set aside.

3. Combine the sugar, 1/4 cup water, orange zest, and cinnamon stick in a medium heavy-bottomed saucepan. Bring to a simmer and remove from the heat. Stir until the sugar is dissolved and the syrup is clear. Then return to the heat and boil, swirling the pan every now and then, until syrup caramelizes to a deep brown color, 4 to 5 more minutes. Immediately pour the caramel into a 2 1/2-quart metal charlotte mold, or loaf pan, and tip the mold or pan to coat it with the caramel. Let cool a few minutes and then pour the custard mixture into it.

4. Line an 8-by-8-inch baking dish (or a larger rectangular baking dish, if using a loaf pan) with a doubled kitchen towel. Put the mold in the baking dish and then put the dish into the preheated oven. Use a cup to add hot tap water to almost fill the baking dish. Bake until the custard is just set but still jiggles when shaken, and a skewer stuck in about 1 inch from the edge comes out clean, about 1 hour 25 minutes. Carefully lift the charlotte mold out of the pan. Turn off the oven and let the water in the baking dish cool a little before moving it. Refrigerate the flan to chill completely.

5. To serve, set the charlotte mold over direct heat until the bottom gets hot, about 1 minute. (This is to melt the caramel so that the flan will unmold.) Run a knife around the edge to loosen the flan. Overturn a serving plate on top of the mold and then turn the mold upside down on top of the plate. Remove the mold. Cut the flan into wedges and serve.

Reprinted with permission from �Indian Home Cooking: A Fresh Introduction to Indian Food, with more than 150 Recipes,� by Suvir Saran and Stephanie Lyness; for more information, click on or Saran also is owner of Devi (, a New York restaurant, and recently also opened Veda, a restaurant in New Delhi.



The combination of bottle gourd and dry plums (Alubukhara) sounds unfamiliar, but it does taste exceptional. The gravy of tomatoes and basil compliments the complex flavor of the croquettes.

Serves 4

1 1/2 pound fresh bottle gourd, salt to taste
2 tablespoons gram flour
1 tablespoon cayenne pepper
12 dried plums
Vegetable oil for frying
6 cloves garlic
One 2-inch fresh ginger
2 green chiles, such as serrano
4 tablespoons canola oil
1 cup finely chopped onions
1/2 tablespoon ground turmeric
2 tablespoon coriander powder
1 tablespoon cumin powder
2 cups tomato puree
1/2 cup fresh basil leaves
1 teaspoon garam masala

Peel and grate the bottle gourd. Mix with � teaspoon salt and set it aside. Squeeze with hands to remove all the excess water. Add gram flour and cayenne pepper and mix it to make dough. Divide it into 12 equal portions.

Stuff one piece of dried plum into middle of each portion. Make it into a ball shape.

Preheat the deep fryer to 350 F. Gently immerse the balls into in the oil, making sure it is fully submerged and deep fry until golden brown and cook through, about 5 minutes. Drain and keep it on an absorbent paper.

In a food processor or a blender, blend garlic, ginger and green chiles into a fine paste.

Heat canola oil in a large skillet over medium heat and add onions and saut� until golden brown, about 7 minutes. Add the ginger-garlic paste and stir until mixed well. Add the turmeric, coriander and cumin powder and cook, stirring continuously until all flavors are well blended.

Stir in tomato puree and basil leaves and cook, until the oil begins to separate, about 5 minutes. Add 2 cups of water and salt and bring it to boil. Reduce the heat and simmer until the sauce becomes thick. Gently add the croquettes and simmer for 2 minutes.

Transfer to a serving dish, sprinkled with garam masala.


Varuval is a traditional dish of South India. To me, tiny shrimp are so much more flavorful than large one. Garlic and tamarind pulp add a great flavor without overpowering the delicate shrimp.

Serves 6

1 pound small fresh shrimp, cleaned, shelled and deveined
1 teaspoon finely chopped ginger
4 teaspoon minced garlic
1 teaspoon cumin powder
1 tablespoon tamarind pulp
1 teaspoon of cayenne pepper
1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
1 tablespoon all purpose unbleached flour
Salt to taste
1/4 cup vegetable oil
1 tablespoon lemon juice
6 small sprigs fresh mint

Clean shrimp, drain, pat dry with kitchen towel and set aside.

Mix ginger and garlic with cumin powder. Add tamarind pulp, cayenne pepper, turmeric powder, flour and salt. Blend 2 tablespoons of oil into the mixture.

Transfer to a bowl, add the shrimp and toss well to coat evenly.

After shrimp is evenly coated, cover and refrigerate for not longer than 3 hours for best results.

Heat the remaining oil in a large saucepan over medium heat. Gently add the marinated shrimps and cook for a minute on high heat. Turn over the shrimps and cook for another minute. Reduce the heat and cook for 2 to 3 minutes turning the shrimps occasionally for uniform cooking.

When shrimp is cooked, remove and drain on brown paper sacks for excessive oil. Sprinkle lemon juice and garnish with fresh mint.




Makes about 4 cups

3 firm-ripe mangoes (3 lb total), peeled, pitted and
cut into 1/2-inch cubes
1/3 cup distilled white vinegar
1/3 cup packed dark brown sugar
1/3 cup golden raisins
1 3/4 teaspoons salt
1 (1-inch) piece fresh ginger, peeled and chopped
1 tablespoon chopped fresh jalapeno including seeds (from 1 chili)
3 garlic cloves, chopped
3/4 teaspoon ground cumin
3/4 teaspoon ground coriander
1/2 teaspoon turmeric
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
1 medium onion, chopped
1 red bell pepper, cut into 1/4-inch dice
1 (3-inch) cinnamon stick

Toss together mangoes, vinegar, brown sugar, raisins, and a teaspoon salt.

Mince together ginger, jalapeno, and garlic to a paste with remaining 3/4 teaspoon salt using a large heavy knife, then stir in cumin, coriander, and turmeric.

Heat oil in a heavy pot over moderately high heat. Saut� onion and bell pepper, stirring occasionally, until golden, eight to 10 minutes. Add garlic paste and cinnamon stick, and then reduce heat to moderate and cook, stirring, one minute.

Stir in mango mixture and simmer, covered, stirring occasionally, until mangoes are tender, about 30 minutes. Discard cinnamon stick and cool chutney, uncovered, about 45 minutes.

This chutney can be served with grilled meats, curries and sandwiches. Store it in an airtight container up to two months in a refrigerator.


Suvir Saran
Recipes by SUVIR SARAN

Stuffed bell peppers (Bharwaan Mirchee)


The connection between food and visual arts has always fascinated me. These spiced potato-stuffed peppers in particular caught my attention as a very young boy because they were the first food that looked as good to me as they tasted. They showed me how easily food could become art. You can increase both the heat and the flavor of this dish by stirring some of the bell pepper seeds into the potato stuffing, as I often do: the seeds give it a spicy, sweet heat that is unique to bell peppers. Or, if you�d like to reduce the spice, use the flesh of the green chile but not its seeds.


1 1/2 pounds red boiling potatoes
4 small bell peppers (red, yellow, and/or orange peppers)
1 teaspoon coriander seeds
1 teaspoon cumin seeds
1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper
1/2 fresh hot green chile, minced
2 tablespoons chopped fresh cilantro
1 tablespoon chopped fresh mint
Juice or 1 lime or lemon
1 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
1 large egg whisked with a pinch each of salt and cayenne pepper
2 tablespoons canola oil


Put the potatoes in a saucepan with cold water to cover and boil until very tender, 30 to 40 minutes. Drain.

Meanwhile, cut around the stems of the peppers, removing about a 2-inch round from the top of each. Pull out and discard these tops. Scrape out the ribs and the seeds with a small knife. Set the peppers aside.

Toast the coriander and cumin seeds in a dry skillet over medium-high heat, stirring constantly, until fragrant, 1 to 2 minutes. Coarsely grind in a mortar and pestle or spice grinder.

When the potatoes are cooked, peel and mash them in a large bowl. Add the ground toasted coriander-cumin mixture, the cayenne, green chile, cilantro, mint, lime or lemon juice, salt, and black pepper, and stir to blend. Taste for salt, then spoon the mixture into the peppers.

Preheat the oven to 400 degree F. Heat the oil in a large ovenproof frying pan over medium heat. When the pan is hot, dip the peppers, cut sides down, into the egg to coat the potato stuffing. Put the peppers egg side down in the pan and cook until the egg has browned and formed a crust, about 3 minutes. Then turn the peppers right side up and put the pan in the oven. Bake until the peppers are tender, about 30 minutes. Serve hot.

Reprinted with permission from publishers Clarkson Potter.


�Takeout?� You can�t be serious. Especially, not after you start reading the recently released �Indian Home Cooking: A Fresh Introduction to Indian Food, with More Than 150 Recipes� by Suvir Saran and Stephanie Lyness. Published by Clarkson Potter, the 272-page book (priced at $32.50) is filled with 75 color photographs showing some delicious and sumptuous meals.

The recipes by New York-based Saran, a restaurant chef, food consultant and cooking teacher are simple even for the novice cook to prepare at home.

Saran attended Sir JJ School of Arts in Bombay before moving to New York City to study at the School of Visual Arts. He was store manager at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a buyer for Bergdorf Goodman, and later director of retail merchandising for the home collection at Henri Bendel. But it was his interest in cooking for friends and food followers that led Saran to begin teaching classes at NYU�s Department of Food and Nutrition.

He has contributed several articles on Indian food for �Food Arts Magazine,� and his recipes have appeared in �The New York Times� and �Los Angeles Times.�

Late last year, the New York resident opened an Indian restaurant, Devi, in Union Square.

Book cover
Here is an exclusive interview with Saran:

KhaasBaat: What spurred the move to New York City from Bombay? Studying?

Saran: It was my being totally disenchanted by Sir JJ School of Arts. The school provided no stimulation to my needs as a student. But the city, Bombay, is totally another story. Bombay was most fantastic and still remains my favorite city in the entire world. It has the best of all words possible and a grit and street savvy that is incomparable. I moved to NYC hoping to further my education in the field of visual arts. But it was a decision I made with great difficulty, for I was in deep love with Bombay and the ways in which it indulged me as a city and the myriad mysteries that it exposed to me daily.

KhaasBaat: One of the reviewers of your book wrote, "It's the first cookbook to really tackle Indian cuisine in America." Your comment.

Saran: Not sure I am the first one to tackle Indian cuisine in America. There are pioneering chefs like Madhur Jaffrey, who have left an amazing mark in the world of Indian food for generations to come. But yes, with the hard work of my editors Pam Krauss and Adina Steiman at Clarkson Potter, the structured and controlled recipe testing and notation by my co-writer Stephanie Lyness, and the photographs by Ben Fink have all helped in creating a first book on Indian cuisine that demystifies our cuisine in a new way. It makes Indian food look just like any other cuisine. As I worked on the food styling of the book, I found the designer in me working hard to keep the photographs simple. The mantra of that time became less is more. The photographs were shot using only stuff that anyone could find easily in America. We used no elements of design that could make one feel they were looking at something foreign and exotic and celestial. I wanted the book to have a very strong grounding in practicality and of the moment. There were plenty of books already written singing the praises of the cuisine of the past, documenting through their photography the artistic riches of India and bursting with recipes of the cream and oil laden curries that one would usually only find in restaurants. What I wanted to share was a book that made home style foods of the many regions of India find a first place on the pages of a book that was at once practical, accessible, easy to understand and modern. I wanted to share the food of my generation of Indians. A cuisine that was healthy, vibrant and fresh. And I am shocked that people are realizing for the first time that Indian food is not all about vindaloo, kurmas, makhani sauces and tandoori dishes. So, if I can take credit for sharing the time-tested gems of Indian home cooking in this book, then I must admit I have tackled something for the first time.

KhaasBaat: Do you think that Americans are slowly getting addicted to Indian food or does the spicy food make them wary of it?

SARAN: Americans are some of the most curious people in the world. Few if any people are so thirsty for what is new. I hardly feel we can blame the Americans for not having grasped the magic of Indian food earlier.

Indian food in America has been a food that is not always the most exciting and fresh and brilliant. Dull gravies, oily dishes, tough meats, stale fish and creamy dals and tomato ketchup based sauces have been used as a way of inviting these people to discover India and its food. Do you think that is a cuisine that will find many followers? Lately, there is a new effort to share food in a meaningful way and make it tasty, fresh and different. Steps like that are leading to a new excitement around the foods of India. Earlier, most all dishes in a restaurant would be cooked with some version or the other of the same base sauce. As an Indian, I would be ashamed of this cuisine, and so, hardly fault or expect any non-Indian to embrace it.

Also, I must add that Indian food is not always about spicy hot. Our cuisine is best when it is based on perfection in the balance between ingredients and spices. We also should never forget that chile (red pepper, cayenne) came to India only in the 16th century. How hot could Indian food be before then? It was hot in spices, not in heat. And that back heat, that extols Indian cuisine, is not offensive, but in fact one that makes it addictive. Now that we have new restaurants realizing that putting chile pepper into each sauce is not necessary, people will finally taste the true flavors of India that are delicious.

My mother always said that only bad cooks need to kill a dish with too much laal mirhci (cayenne). They are hiding their lack of culinary skills. As a chef now, I thank her for having given me that tidbit of advice years earlier.

These are exciting times for Indian cuisine. It is my hope that we can be proud of our culture and its cuisine and as a group of people, use that pride to ensure we do not make short cuts when showcasing our foods that make it get a bad name. I personally feel America and the world at large will continue to fall in love with our food and actually never tire of the diversity that exists in Indian cuisine. It is up to us Indian food professionals to continue sharing what is best from our culture and do that in circumspect settings.


My sister�s favorite corn curry:: Makayee Noo Curry


My older sister lives in Dallas. Every time I go to see her, she and my brother-in-law make a big fuss about the visit. They invite a lot of their friends and acquaintances to come meet me; this means many dinners at their home. And since my sister has bragged for months about my cooking prowess, I am now called upon to prove it. I invented this dish for one of those occasions. It was inspired by memories of eating similar Gujarati-style corn curries in Bombay while I was in art school there.

1 fresh hot green chile, stemmed and cut in half
� teaspoon cumin seeds
A 2-inch piece fresh ginger, peeled and cut into large chunks
12 fresh or 16 frozen curry leaves, torn into pieces (optional)
� cup fresh cilantro sprigs (with tender stems only)
2 tablespoons water
1 cup milk
1 cup half-and-half

3 tablespoons canola oil
1 � teaspoons cumin seeds
1 teaspoon black mustard seeds (optional)
3 whole dried red chiles
� teaspoon turmeric
6 fresh or 10 frozen curry leaves, torn into pieces (optional)
1/8 teaspoon asafetida (optional)
1 tablespoon all-purpose flour
� teaspoon salt, or to taste
4 cups fresh corn kernels (cut from about 6 ears) or frozen corn

For the green paste, combine all of the ingredients in a small food processor and process to a paste. Set aside.

Combine the milk and half-and-half in a 2-cup measure or small bowl.

Combine the oil, cumin, and mustard seeds, if using, in a large saucepan over medium-high heat. Cover if using mustard seeds (they pop and splatter) and cook until the cumin turns golden brown or you hear the mustard seeds crackle, 1 to 2 minutes.

Add the chiles, turmeric, and curry leaves and asafetida, if using, and stir. (Stand back if using curry leaves; they spit when they hit the oil.) Immediately add the green paste and turn the heat down to low. Then cook, stirring, 1 minute.

Add the flour and cook, stirring, 1 more minute, scraping the bottom of the pan to keep the flour from sticking. Gradually add the milk mixture, about 1 tablespoon at a time at first, to make a smooth paste. Start to add the milk more quickly, adding the final cup all at once. Stir in the salt and the corn, and bring to a boil. Reduce the heat and simmer, uncovered, until the corn is tender, about 4 minutes. Taste for salt and serve hot.

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